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The Content section will provide news, quotes and background materials refering to the topic of the EU Constitution. The time-table will give you an overview about the current status concerning the referendums on the Constitution.


Chirac plays last card with television appeal for referendum yes

French President Jacques Chirac made a last-ditch effort to reverse the tide of opposition to the EU constitution Thursday, urging the public to vote "yes" in this weekend's referendum in order to safeguard the country's influence in Europe.

"On Sunday each one of you will have in his hands part of the destiny of France," he said in a ten-minute address carried on national radio and television from the Elysee palace.

As he spoke two new opinion polls gave leads of 55 percent for the "no" camp in Sunday's referendum -- a rise of two points from the start of the week -- suggesting that victory for the rejectionists could be even easier than expected.

In a solemn address that began with the national anthem, Chirac sought to persuade undecided voters -- estimated at about one in five -- that the constitution will enhance French force in the EU, protect the country's social model and improve Europe's democratic institutions.

He also warned that rejection would open up a period of "division, doubt and uncertainty" in which French interests would be subordinated to the ideas of "ultra-liberals."

"It is an illusion to think that Europe will start out again happily with another plan. There is no other plan. Europe would be broken down -- searching for an impossible consensus. Meanwhile the world would move on, faster and faster.
"France would be in a less strong position to defend its interests," he said.
"If France is weakened, if the Franco-German couple is weakened, if Europe is divided, it will be those who have an ultra-liberal conception of Europe who take charge. They will lead is to a Europe with no political ambition ... a Europe reduced to a mere free-trade zone," Chirac said.

Urging voters not to use the referendum to express their discontent with the government and France's social and economic difficulties, he said: "On May 29 each one of us must make a decision based on responsibility and conscience. We must not answer the wrong question.

"The decision goes far beyond the traditional political cleavage of left and right. It is about your future, your children's future, the future of France, the future of Europe."

A "no" vote on Sunday would badly undermine Chirac's political authority, though there is no expectation that he will follow the footsteps of his mentor Charles de Gaulle who resigned after losing a referendum for the first time in
Commentators predicted a prompt government reshuffle and the dismissal of Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin, as the president seeks to put the damage behind him as quickly as possible.

"Much depends on the scale of the defeat. If it is very tight then it might be possible to argue that it was the social and economic climate that tipped the balance. But if it is a gap of several million voters, then no-one will be spared," Pierre Giacometti, head of the Ipsos polling agency, told AFP.
Supporters of the constitution grasped at what could be seen as straws -- pointing to Liverpool's dramatic comeback in the final of football's European Champions' League Wednesday in Istanbul as a sign that victory is still possible.

"Yesterday evening, up to the last five or ten minutes of the match, it was AC Milan that was ahead," said Valery Giscard d'Estaing, the former French president who led the drafting of the constitution.
"This morning in the opinion polls everyone is saying 'Milan is going to win.' Well, I think it is going to be Liverpool. Let's not score an own goal. Voting 'no' is a goal against France," he said.

Source: EU business


As Chirac spoke two new opinion polls gave leads of 55 percent for the "no" camp in Sunday's referendum